WL

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-'wl' is probably the most important tool in the routers firmware to access and control wireless hardware. It can be accesed from a [[Telnet/SSH_and_the_Command_Line|telnet]] or [[Telnet/SSH_and_the_Command_Line|SSH]] terminal or through the Web Interface. Tools such as [[Wiviz]] or [[Kismet Server/Drone]] use it to configure the radios, monitor packets and extract information directly from them.+#REDIRECT [[Wl command]]
- +
-==Setup==+
-No setup is required as 'wl' comes with all DD-WRT installations.+
- +
-==Command Usage==+
-These are the usage instructions you see when executing 'wl' without parameters from the router shell:+
- +
-Usage: wl [-a|i <adapter>] [-hu] <command> [arguments]+
- +
- -a, -i adapter name or number+
- -h, -u this message+
- +
-ver get version information+
- +
-cmds generate a short list of available commands+
- +
-up reinitialize and mark adapter up (operational)+
- +
-down reset and mark adapter down (disabled)+
- +
-out mark adapter down but do not reset hardware(disabled)+
- On dualband cards, cards must be bandlocked before use.+
- +
-clk set board clock state. return error for set_clk attempt if the driver is not down+
- 0: clock off+
- 1: clock on+
- +
-restart Restart driver. Driver must already be down.+
- +
-reboot Reboot platform+
- +
-ucflags Get/Set ucode flags+
- +
-radio Set the radio on or off.+
- "on" or "off"+
- +
-dump print driver software state and chip registers to stdout+
- +
-srdump print contents of SPROM to stdout+
- +
-nvdump print nvram variables to stdout+
- +
-lodump print measlo table to stdout+
- +
-nvset set an nvram variable+
- name=value (no spaces around '=')+
- +
- +
-nvget get the value of an nvram variable+
- +
- +
-revinfo get hardware revision information+
- +
- +
-msglevel+
- set driver console debugging message bitvector+
- type 'wl msglevel ?' for values+
- +
-PM set driver power management mode:+
- 0: CAM (constantly awake)+
- 1: PS (power-save)+
- 2: FAST PS mode+
- +
-wake set driver power-save mode sleep state:+
- 0: core-managed+
- 1: awake+
- +
-promisc set promiscuous mode ethernet address reception+
- 0 - disable+
- 1 - enable+
- +
-monitor set monitor mode+
- 0 - disable+
- 1 - enable active monitor mode (interface still operates)+
- +
-frag Set the fragmentation threshhold. (integer [256, 2346])+
- +
-rts Set the RTS threshhold. (integer [0, 2347])+
- +
-cwmin Set the cwmin. (integer [1, 255])+
- +
-cwmax Set the cwmax. (integer [256, 2047])+
- +
-srl Set the short retry limit. (integer [1, 255])+
- +
-lrl Set the long retry limit. (integer [1, 255])+
- +
-rate force a fixed rate:+
- valid values for 802.11a are (6, 9, 12, 18, 24, 36, 48, 54)+
- valid values for 802.11b are (1, 2, 5.5, 11)+
- valid values for 802.11g are (1, 2, 5.5, 6, 9, 11, 12, 18, 24, 36, 48, 54)+
- -1 (default) means automatically determine the best rate+
- +
-mrate force a fixed multicast rate:+
- valid values for 802.11a are (6, 9, 12, 18, 24, 36, 48, 54)+
- valid values for 802.11b are (1, 2, 5.5, 11)+
- valid values for 802.11g are (1, 2, 5.5, 6, 9, 11, 12, 18, 24, 36, 48, 54)+
- -1 (default) means automatically determine the best rate+
- +
-a_rate force a fixed rate for the A PHY:+
- valid values for 802.11a are (6, 9, 12, 18, 24, 36, 48, 54)+
- -1 (default) means automatically determine the best rate+
- +
-a_mrate force a fixed multicast rate for the A PHY:+
- valid values for 802.11a are (6, 9, 12, 18, 24, 36, 48, 54)+
- -1 (default) means automatically determine the best rate+
- +
-bg_rate force a fixed rate for the B/G PHY:+
- valid values for 802.11b are (1, 2, 5.5, 11)+
- valid values for 802.11g are (1, 2, 5.5, 6, 9, 11, 12, 18, 24, 36, 48, 54)+
- -1 (default) means automatically determine the best rate+
- +
-bg_mrate+
- force a fixed multicast rate for the B/G PHY:+
- valid values for 802.11b are (1, 2, 5.5, 11)+
- valid values for 802.11g are (1, 2, 5.5, 6, 9, 11, 12, 18, 24, 36, 48, 54)+
- -1 (default) means automatically determine the best rate+
- +
-infra Set Infrastructure mode: 0 (IBSS) or 1 (Infra BSS)+
- +
-ap Set AP mode: 0 (STA) or 1 (AP)+
- +
-bssid Get the BSSID value, error if STA and not associated+
- +
-channel Set the channel:+
- valid channels for 802.11b/g (2.4GHz band) are 1 through 14+
- valid channels for 802.11a (5 GHz band) are:+
- 36, 40, 44, 48, 52, 56, 60, 64,+
- 100, 104, 108, 112, 116,120, 124, 128, 132, 136, 140,+
- 149, 153, 157, 161,+
- 184, 188, 192, 196, 200, 204, 208, 212, 216+
- +
-tssi Get the tssi value from radio+
- +
-txpwr Set tx power in milliwatts. Range [1, 84]. (Deprecated: Use txpwr1 instead)+
- +
-txpwr1 Set tx power in in various units. Choose one of (default: dbm): +
- -d dbm units+
- -q quarter dbm units+
- -m milliwatt units+
-Can be combined with:+
- -o turn on override to disable regulatory and other limitations+
-Use wl txpwr -1 to restore defaults+
- +
- +
-txpathpwr+
- Turn the tx path power on or off on 2050 radios+
- +
-txpwrlimit+
- Return current tx power limit+
- +
-powerindex+
- Set the transmit power for A band(0-63).+
- -1 - default value+
- +
-atten Set the transmit attenuation for B band. Args: bb radio txctl1.+
- auto to revert to automatic control+
- +
-phyreg Get/Set a phy register.+
- +
-radioreg+
- Get/Set a radio register.+
- +
-shmem Get/Set a shared memory location.+
- +
-macreg Get/Set any mac registers(include IHR and SB)+
- macreg offset size[2,4] [value]+
- +
-antdiv Set antenna diversity for rx+
- 0 - force use of antenna 0+
- 1 - force use of antenna 1+
- 3 - automatic selection of antenna diversity+
- +
-txant Set the transmit antenna+
- 0 - force use of antenna 0+
- 1 - force use of antenna 1+
- 3 - use the RX antenna selection that was in force during+
- the most recently received good PLCP header+
- +
-ratedump+
- Print driver rate selection tunables and per-scb state to stdout+
- based on remote station mac address[xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx]+
- +
-plcphdr Set the plcp header.+
- "long" or "auto" or "debug"+
- +
-phytype Get phy type+
- +
-scbdump print driver scb state to stdout+
- +
-rateparam+
- set driver rate selection tunables+
- arg 1: tunable id+
- arg 2: tunable value+
- +
-wepstatus+
- Set or Get WEP status+
- wepstatus [on|off]+
- +
-primary_key+
- Set or get index of primary key+
- +
-addwep Set an encryption key. The key must be 5, 13 or 16 bytes long, or+
- 10, 26, 32, or 64 hex digits long. The encryption algorithm is+
- automatically selected based on the key size. keytype is accepted+
- only when key length is 16 bytes/32 hex digits and specifies+
- whether AES-OCB or AES-CCM encryption is used. Default is ccm.+
- addwep <keyindex> <keydata> [ocb | ccm] [notx] [xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx]+
- +
-rmwep Remove the encryption key at the specified key index.+
- +
-wep Set WEP options.+
- wl wep [options]+
- [on|enable|1] enable WEP+
- [off|disable|0] disable WEP+
- [sw|software] perform WEP in software+
- [hw|hardware] perform WEP in hardware+
- +
-tkip Set TKIP options.+
- wl tkip [options]+
- [on|enable|1] enable TKIP+
- [off|disable|0] disable TKIP+
- [sw|software] perform TKIP in software+
- [hw|hardware] perform TKIP in hardware+
- +
-aes Set AES options.+
- wl aes [options]+
- [on|enable|1] enable AES+
- [off|disable|0] disable AES+
- [sw|software] perform AES in software+
- [hw|hardware] perform AES in hardware+
- +
-keys Prints a list of the current WEP keys+
- +
-tsc Print Tx Sequence Couter for key at specified key index.+
- +
-wsec_test+
- Generate wsec errors+
- wsec_test <test_type> <keyindex|xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx>+
- type 'wl wsec_test ?' for test_types+
- +
-tkip_countermeasures+
- Enable or disable TKIP countermeasures (TKIP-enabled AP only)+
- 0 - disable+
- 1 - enable+
- +
-wsec_restrict+
- Drop unencrypted packets if WSEC is enabled+
- 0 - disable+
- 1 - enable+
- +
-eap restrict traffic to 802.1X packets until 802.1X authorization succeeds+
- 0 - disable+
- 1 - enable+
- +
-authorize+
- restrict traffic to 802.1X packets until 802.1X authorization succeeds+
- +
-deauthorize+
- do not restrict traffic to 802.1X packets until 802.1X authorization succeeds+
- +
-deauthenticate+
- deauthenticate a STA from the AP with optional reason code (AP ONLY)+
- +
-wsec wireless security bit vector+
- 1 - WEP enabled+
- 2 - TKIP enabled+
- 4 - AES enabled+
- 8 - WSEC in software+
- +
-wpa_auth+
- Bitvector of WPA authorization modes:+
- 1 WPA NONE+
- 2 WPA-802.1X/WPA-Professional+
- 4 WPA-PSK/WPA-Personal+
- 64 WPA2-802.1X/WPA2-Professional+
- 128 WPA2-PSK/WPA2-Personal+
- 0 disable WPA+
- +
-set_pmk Set passphrase for PMK in driver-resident supplicant.+
- +
-scan Initiate a scan.+
- Default an active scan across all channels for any SSID.+
- Optional arg: SSID, the SSID to scan.+
- Options:+
- -s S, --ssid=S SSID to scan+
- -t ST, --scan_type=ST [active|passive] scan type+
- --bss_type=BT [bss/infra|ibss/adhoc] bss type to scan+
- -b MAC, --bssid=MAC particular BSSID MAC address to scan, xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx+
- -n N, --nprobes=N number of probes per scanned channel+
- -a N, --active=N dwell time per channel for active scanning+
- -p N, --passive=N dwell time per channel for passive scanning+
- -h N, --home=N dwell time for the home channel between channel scans+
- -c L, --channels=L comma or space separated list of channels to scan+
- +
-passive Puts scan engine into passive mode+
- +
-regulatory+
- Get/Set regulatory domain mode (802.11d). Driver must be down.+
- +
-spect Get/Set 802.11h Spectrum Management mode.+
- 0 - Off+
- 1 - Loose interpretation of spec - may join non-11h APs+
- 2 - Strict interpretation of spec - may not join non-11h APs+
- +
-scanresults+
- Return results from last scan.+
- +
-assoc Print information about current network association.+
- (also known as "status")+
- +
-status Print information about current network association.+
- (also known as "assoc")+
- +
-disassoc+
- Disassociate from the current BSS/IBSS.+
- +
-chanlist+
- Return valid channels for the current settings.+
- +
-channels+
- Return valid channels for the current settings.+
- +
-channels_in_country+
- Return valid channels for the country specified.+
- Arg 1 is the country abbreviation+
- Arg 2 is the band(a or b)+
- +
-curpower+
- Return current tx power settings+
- +
-scansuppress+
- Suppress all scans for testing.+
- 0 - allow scans+
- 1 - suppress scans+
- +
-evm Start an EVM test on the given channel, or stop EVM test.+
- Arg 1 is channel number 1-14, or "off" or 0 to stop the test.+
- Arg 2 is optional rate (1, 2, 5.5 or 11)+
- +
-rateset Returns or sets the supported and basic rateset, (b) indicates basic+
- With no args, returns the rateset. Args are+
- rateset "default" | "all" | <arbitrary rateset>+
- default - driver defaults+
- all - all rates are basic rates+
- arbitrary rateset - list of rates+
- List of rates are in Mbps and each rate is optionally followed+
- by "(b)" or "b" for a Basic rate. Example: 1(b) 2b 5.5 11+
- At least one rate must be Basic for a legal rateset.+
- +
-roam_trigger+
- Set the roam trigger RSSI threshold. (integer)+
- +
-roam_delta+
- Set the roam candidate qualification delta. (integer)+
- +
-roam_scan_period+
- Set the roam candidate qualification delta. (integer)+
- +
-suprates+
- Returns or sets the 11g override for the supported rateset+
- With no args, returns the rateset. Args are a list of rates,+
- or 0 or -1 to specify an empty rateset to clear the override.+
- List of rates are in Mbps, example: 1 2 5.5 11+
- +
-scan_channel_time+
- Get/Set scan channel time+
- +
-scan_unassoc_time+
- Get/Set unassociated scan channel dwell time+
- +
-scan_home_time+
- Get/Set scan home channel dwell time+
- +
-scan_passive_time+
- Get/Set passive scan channel dwell time+
- +
-scan_nprobes+
- Get/Set scan parameter for number of probes to use per channel scanned+
- +
-prb_resp_timeout+
- Get/Set probe response timeout+
- +
-channel_qa+
- Get last channel quality measurment+
- +
-channel_qa_start+
- Start a channel quality measurment+
- +
-country Select Country code for use with 802.11d+
- Use either long name or abbreviation from ISO 3166.+
- Use 'wl country list [band(a or b)]' for the list of supported countries+
- +
-locale OBSOLETE: use "wl country"+
- Select the country:+
- Worldwide+
- Thailand+
- Israel+
- Jordan+
- China+
- Japan+
- USA/Canada/ANZ+
- Europe+
- USAlow+
- JapanHigh+
- All+
- +
-join Join a specified network SSID.+
- Join syntax is: join <ssid> [key xxxxx] [imode bss|ibss] [amode open|shared|wpa|wpapsk|wpanone]+
- +
-ssid Set or get the current SSID.+
- Setting will initiate an assoication attempt if in infrastructure mode,+
- or join/creation of an IBSS if in IBSS mode,+
- or creation of a BSS if in AP mode.+
- +
-mac Set or get the list of source MAC address matches.+
- wl mac xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx [xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx ...]+
- To Clear the list: wl mac none+
- +
-macmode Set the mode of the MAC list.+
- 0 - Disable MAC address matching.+
- 1 - Deny association to stations on the MAC list.+
- 2 - Allow association to stations on the MAC list.+
- +
-wds Set or get the list of WDS member MAC addresses.+
- Set using a space separated list of MAC addresses.+
- wl wds xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx [xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx ...]+
- +
-lazywds Set or get "lazy" WDS mode (dynamically grant WDS membership to anyone).+
- +
-noise Get noise (moving average) right after tx in dBm+
- +
-fqacurcy+
- Manufacturing test: set frequency accuracy mode.+
- freqacuracy syntax is: fqacurcy <channel>+
- Arg is channel number 1-14, or 0 to stop the test.+
- +
-crsuprs Manufacturing test: set carrier suppression mode.+
- carriersuprs syntax is: crsuprs <channel>+
- Arg is channel number 1-14, or 0 to stop the test.+
- +
-longtrain+
- Manufacturing test: set longtraining mode.+
- longtrain syntax is: longtrain <channel>+
- Arg is A band channel number or 0 to stop the test.+
- +
-int Interrupt Test - remember to precede by 'wl down' and follow by 'wl up'+
- +
-lbt Loopback Test - remember to precede by 'wl down' and follow by 'wl up'+
- +
-band Returns or sets the current band+
- auto - auto switch between available bands (default)+
- a - force use of 802.11a band+
- b - force use of 802.11b band+
- +
-bands Return the list of available 802.11 bands+
- +
-phylist Return the list of available phytypes+
- +
-shortslot+
- Get current 11g Short Slot Timing mode. (0=long, 1=short)+
- +
-shortslot_override+
- Get/Set 11g Short Slot Timing mode override. (-1=auto, 0=long, 1=short)+
- +
-shortslot_restrict+
- Get/Set AP Restriction on associations for 11g Short Slot Timing capable STAs.+
- 0 - Do not restrict association based on ShortSlot capability+
- 1 - Restrict association to STAs with ShortSlot capability+
- +
-ignore_bcns+
- AP only (G mode): Check for beacons without NONERP element (0=Examine beacons, 1=Ignore beacons)+
- +
-pktcnt Get the summary of good and bad packets.+
- +
-upgrade Upgrade the firmware on an embedded device+
- +
-gmode Set the 54g Mode (LegacyB|Auto||GOnly|BDeferred|Performance|LRS)+
- +
-gmode_protection+
- Get G protection mode. (0=disabled, 1=enabled)+
- +
-gmode_protection_control+
- Get/Set 11g protection mode control alg. (0=always off, 1=monitor local association, 2=monitor overlapping BSS)+
- +
-gmode_protection_cts+
- Get/Set 11g protection type to CTS (0=disable, 1=enable)+
- +
-gmode_protection_override+
- Get/Set 11g protection mode override. (-1=auto, 0=disable, 1=enable)+
- +
-legacy_erp+
- Get/Set 11g legacy ERP inclusion (0=disable, 1=enable)+
- +
-scb_timeout+
- AP only: inactivity timeout value for authenticated stas+
- +
-assoclist+
- AP only: Get the list of associated MAC addresses.+
- +
-rssi Get the current RSSI val, for an AP you must specify the mac addr of the STA+
- +
-isup Get driver operational state (0=down, 1=up)+
- +
-fasttimer+
- Get/Set High frequency watchdog timeout (tx_power) [15 sec]+
- +
-slowtimer+
- Get/Set Low frequency watchdog timeout (nrssislope) [60 sec]+
- +
-glacialtimer+
- Get/Set Very Low frequency watchdog timeout (measurelo) [120 sec]+
- +
-radar Enable/Disable radar+
- +
-rssidump+
- Dump rssi values from aci scans+
- +
-interference+
- Get/Set interference mitigation mode. Choices are:+
- 0 = none+
- 1 = non wlan+
- 2 = wlan manual+
- 3 = wlan automatic+
- +
-aciargs Get/Set various aci tuning parameters. Choices are:+
- enter: CRS glitch trigger level to start detecting ACI+
- exit: CRS glitch trigger level to exit ACI mode+
- glitch Seconds interval between ACI scans when glitchcount is continuously high+
- spin: Num microsecs to delay between rssi samples+
- Usage: wl aciargs [enter x][exit x][spin x][glitch x]+
- +
-frameburst+
- Disable/Enable frameburst mode+
- +
-pwr_percent+
- Get/Set power output percentage+
- +
-wet Get/Set wireless ethernet bridging mode+
- +
-bi Get/Set the beacon period (bi=beacon interval)+
- +
-dtim Get/Set DTIM+
- +
-wds_remote_mac+
- Get WDS link remote endpoint's MAC address+
- +
-wds_wpa_role_old+
- Get WDS link local endpoint's WPA role (old)+
- +
-wds_wpa_role+
- Get/Set WDS link local endpoint's WPA role+
- +
-authe_sta_list+
- Get authenticated sta mac address list+
- +
-autho_sta_list+
- Get authorized sta mac address list+
- +
-measure_req+
- Send an 802.11h measurement request.+
- Usage: wl measure_req <type> <target MAC addr>+
- Measurement types are: TPC, Basic, CCA, RPI+
- Target MAC addr format is xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx+
- +
-quiet Send an 802.11h quiet command.+
- Usage: wl quiet <TBTTs until start>, <duration (in TUs)>, <offset (in TUs)>+
- +
-csa Send an 802.11h channel switch anouncement+
- Usage wl csa <mode> <when (in TBTTs)> <channel>+
- +
-constraint+
- Send an 802.11h Power Constraint IE+
- Usage: wl constraint 1-255 db+
- +
-rm_req Request a radio measurement of type basic, cca, or rpi+
- specify a series of measurement types each followed by options.+
- example: wl rm_req cca -c 1 -d 50 cca -c 6 cca -c 11+
- Options:+
- -t n numeric token id for measurement set or measurement+
- -c n channel+
- -d n duration in TUs (1024 us)+
- -p parallel flag, measurement starts at the same time as previous+
- +
- Each measurement specified uses the same channel and duration as the+
- previous unless a new channel or duration is specified.+
- +
-rm_rep Get current radio measurement report+
- +
-wme Set WME (Wireless Multimedia Extensions) mode (0=off, 1=on)+
- +
-wme-ac wl wme-ac sta/ap [be, bk, vi, vo] [ecwmax, ecwmin, txop, aifsn, acm] value+
- +
- +
-sta_info+
- wl sta_info <xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx>+
- +
-cap driver capabilities+
- +
-malloc_dump+
- debug malloc info+
- +
-chan_info+
- channel info+
- +
-add_ie Add a vendor proprietary IE to 802.11 management packets+
-Usage: wl add_ie <pktflag> length OUI hexdata+
-<pktflag>: Bit 0 - Beacons+
- Bit 1 - Probe Rsp+
- Bit 2 - Assoc/Reassoc Rsp+
- Bit 3 - Auth Rsp+
-Example: wl add_ie 3 10 00:90:4C 0101050c121a03+
- to add this IE to beacons and probe responses+
- +
- +
-del_ie Delete a vendor proprietary IE from 802.11 management packets+
-Usage: wl del_ie <pktflag> length OUI hexdata+
-<pktflag>: Bit 0 - Beacons+
- Bit 1 - Probe Rsp+
- Bit 2 - Assoc/Reassoc Rsp+
- Bit 3 - Auth Rsp+
-Example: wl del_ie 3 10 00:90:4C 0101050c121a03+
- +
- +
-list_ie Dump the list of vendor proprietary IEs+
- +
- +
-rand Get a 2-byte Random Number from the MAC's PRNG+
-Usage: wl rand+

Current revision

  1. REDIRECT Wl command