VLAN Detached Networks each with Wireless and Internet

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[edit] Public Free Hotspot and Private ESSID on VLAN's RC6 instructions

I now have my WRT54GL V24 RC6 serving separate public and private networks. My private network has WPA and my public network has an open ESSID for any to use, it's also on its own VLAN on port 4 of the switch.

I put this together using things from this forum and the Wiki. Here's how....

For best results use a WRT54GL or suitable router with the BCM5352 chipset since this gives each virtual AP it's own MAC address. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/WRT54G#WRT54GL

First go into Wireless on the web interface and set up the main wireless which will be your private one wl0. You can apply WPA to this in the usual way. Then set up your first virtual interface for public which will be wl0.1. You can add another alias which can be included on the same public network. Leave these as bridged for the moment, in RC6 you can change them from the web interface anyway.

Now go into Setup/VLANs to put port 4 on VLAN2. This is not as straight forward as it appears since on my GL I had to select port 1 on the screen as this corresponds to port 4 in hardware.

So in effect I had to move the tick on port 1 to VLAN2, leaving it set to none, to do port 4 on the back of the box.

In the DNS Masq box paste and save the following:


Having saved these settings open a shell to the router and login as root. Paste to shell:

nvram set vlan0ports="1 2 3 5*"
nvram set vlan2ports="0 5*"

nvram set rc_startup='

brctl addbr br1 
brctl delif br0 wl0.1 
brctl addif br1 wl0.1
ifconfig br1 netmask
ifconfig vlan2 up
brctl addif br1 vlan2 
ifconfig br1 up

nvram set rc_firewall='
iptables -I INPUT -i br1 -j ACCEPT
iptables -I FORWARD -i br1 -o vlan1 -m state --state NEW -j ACCEPT
iptables -I FORWARD -i br1 -o ppp0 -m state --state NEW -j ACCEPT
iptables -I FORWARD -i br0 -o br1 -j logdrop
nvram commit

You will now need to reboot your router.

The way this works is first to put port 4 on VLAN2 and create wl0.1 then to create a bridge br1 and add VLAN2 and WL0.1 to it. With the iptables rules this is then connected to the WAN.

Clients on the LAN and LAN cannot ping across although they can both see the router on either or

I have not implemented bandwidth shaping nor Hotspot splash page, but it's a start.

[edit] Comments

I implemented two wireless networks on the same router using the instructions at Implementing Inexpensive Multiple SSID Networks, on which I based the recipe at Navas Wireless Wiki:Wi-Fi How To:Two wireless networks on one router. --JNavas 21:01, 18 September 2009 (CEST)

[edit] Notes for Getting Encryption Working on the Virtual WiFi Interface

The above is an excellent guide, but I wanted to set up two private networks, one for guest use, one for my private use.

Everything appeared to be working until I enabled encryption on the virtual interface.

I discovered that the encryption agent, the nas daemon was started with the following options:

nas -P /tmp/nas.wl0.1lan.pid -H 34954 -l br0 -i wl0.1 -A -m 132 -k <passwd> -s <SSID> -w 6 -g 3600

Where <passwd> is your WPA PSK, and <SSID> is the SSID you want for the virtual WiFi interface.

The issue is that nas is using the wrong bridge interface. It should be using br1.

The work around I'm using is to modify the rc_startup to look like:

brctl addbr br1
brctl delif br0 wl0.1
brctl addif br1 wl0.1
ifconfig br1 netmask
ifconfig vlan2 up
brctl addif br1 vlan2
ifconfig br1 up
kill $( cat /tmp/nas.wl0.1lan.pid )
nas -P /tmp/nas.wl0.1lan.pid -H 34954 -l br1 -i wl0.1 -A -m 132 -k <passwd> -s <SSID> -w 6 -g 3600 &

If the nas daemon for the virtual interface dies, it will be restarted with the incorrect bridge. I hope to ask the experts on the forum about this, but in case I don't get that far, the above does at least initially work.

[edit] Comments

This may be related to Bug 0003729. --JNavas 20:52, 18 September 2009 (CEST)