One-to-one NAT

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-One-to-one NAT (aka Static NAT) is a way to make systems behind a firewall and configured with private IP addresses (those addresses reserved for private use in RFC 1918) appear to have public IP addresses.¹+==Introduction==
 +One-to-one NAT (aka Static NAT) is a way to make systems behind a firewall and configured with [[private IP addresses]] appear to have public IP addresses.
-These examples have been tested and work with multiple public static IPs. 
-Tested with: 
-* WRT54GL v.1.1 with DD-WRT RC6 and it works just fine.² 
-* DD-WRT v24-sp2 (01/01/09) mega on Linksys WRT 600N V1 
-* Tomato 1.23 (which sounds odd, but this is just iptables; it should work in any Linux-based router, except for the interface names) 
- 
-__TOC__ 
==Setup== ==Setup==
 +'''Begin by assigning one of the static addresses to the WAN port using the [[Web interface]] and then use these scripts to add the rest.'''
Everything in square brackets needs to be replaced by your values. Examples are at the bottom. Everything in square brackets needs to be replaced by your values. Examples are at the bottom.
-====Startup==== 
-Set up new public static IP on dd-wrt WAN interface. This must be done for each public static IP and should be saved to the Startup script using the Save Startup button on the Administration -> Commands page. 
- WANIF=`nvram get wan_iface` 
- WANMASK=`nvram get wan_netmask` 
- ifconfig $WANIF:1 [PUBLIC_IP1] netmask $WANMASK 
- ifconfig $WANIF:2 [PUBLIC_IP2] netmask $WANMASK 
- ifconfig $WANIF:3 [PUBLIC_IP3] netmask $WANMASK 
-====Firewall====+===Startup===
 +Set up new public static IP on dd-wrt WAN interface. This must be done for each public static IP and should be saved to the Startup script using the Save Startup button on the Administration -> Commands page. If you do not know how to calculate your broadcast address, then enter your IP and subnet mask into this [[http://www.subnet-calculator.com/ calculator]].
-======SNAT/DNAT======+ WANIF=`get_wanface`
 + ifconfig $WANIF:1 [PUBLIC_IP1] netmask [NETMASK] broadcast [BROADCAST]
 + ifconfig $WANIF:2 [PUBLIC_IP2] netmask [NETMASK] broadcast [BROADCAST]
 + ifconfig $WANIF:3 [PUBLIC_IP3] netmask [NETMASK] broadcast [BROADCAST]
-Route all packets for the new public ip, to a certain local IP.+===Firewall===
- iptables -t nat -I [PREROUTING] -d [PUBLIC_IP] -j DNAT --to-destination [LAN_IP]+ 
 +Here are some examples of firewall rules to NAT the external IP's to your internal IP's. Put them in the command box and use the Save Firewall button on the Administration -> Commands page to save them to your firewall script.
 + 
 +====SNAT/DNAT====
 + 
 +Route all packets for the new public IP, to a certain local IP.
 + iptables -t nat -I PREROUTING -d [PUBLIC_IP] -j DNAT --to-destination [LAN_IP]
 + 
 +Route packets on a port on the new public IP, to a different port of a local IP. Note that you can skip [LAN_Port] if it matches [Destination_Port].
 + iptables -t nat -I PREROUTING -d [PUBLIC_IP] -p tcp --dport [Destination_Port] -j DNAT --to-destination [LAN_IP]:[LAN_Port]
Masquerade returned packets from the local ip to the public IP Masquerade returned packets from the local ip to the public IP
- iptables -t nat -I [POSTROUTING] -s [LAN_IP] -j SNAT --to-source [PUBLIC_IP]+ iptables -t nat -I POSTROUTING -s [LAN_IP] -j SNAT --to-source [PUBLIC_IP]
-======PORT FORWARD======+====PORT FORWARD====
Forward port X to above local IP Forward port X to above local IP
- iptables -I FORWARD -i [WAN_Interface] -d [LAN_IP] -p tcp --dport [Destination_Port] -j ACCEPT+ iptables -I FORWARD -d [LAN_IP] -p tcp --dport [Destination_Port] -j ACCEPT
You could also replace above rule(s) with the following: You could also replace above rule(s) with the following:
- iptables -I FORWARD -i [WAN_Interface] -d [LAN_IP] -j ACCEPT + iptables -I FORWARD -d [LAN_IP] -j ACCEPT
Which instead of forwarding just a single port, will let through all tcp/udp connections on all ports to this public ip-->lan ip. Which instead of forwarding just a single port, will let through all tcp/udp connections on all ports to this public ip-->lan ip.
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===Startup Script=== ===Startup Script===
# Save Startup # Save Startup
- ifconfig vlan1:1 173.X.X.250 netmask 255.255.255.240+ WANIF=`get_wanface`
- ifconfig vlan1:2 173.X.X.251 netmask 255.255.255.240+ ifconfig $WANIF:1 173.X.X.250 netmask [NETMASK] broadcast [BROADCAST]
 + ifconfig $WANIF:2 173.X.X.251 netmask [NETMASK] broadcast [BROADCAST]
 + ifconfig $WANIF:3 173.X.X.252 netmask [NETMASK] broadcast [BROADCAST]
===Firewall Script=== ===Firewall Script===
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==Resources== ==Resources==
-¹ http://www.shorewall.net/NAT.htm<br>+* http://www.shorewall.net/NAT.htm<br>
-² http://www.dd-wrt.com/phpBB2/viewtopic.php?t=24555+* http://www.dd-wrt.com/phpBB2/viewtopic.php?t=24555<br>
- +* http://www.dd-wrt.com/phpBB2/viewtopic.php?p=400472#400472
-[[Category: English documentation]][[Category: Basic tutorials]]+[[Category:NAT]]
 +[[Category: Basic tutorials]]

Current revision

Contents

[edit] Introduction

One-to-one NAT (aka Static NAT) is a way to make systems behind a firewall and configured with private IP addresses appear to have public IP addresses.

[edit] Setup

Begin by assigning one of the static addresses to the WAN port using the Web interface and then use these scripts to add the rest.

Everything in square brackets needs to be replaced by your values. Examples are at the bottom.


[edit] Startup

Set up new public static IP on dd-wrt WAN interface. This must be done for each public static IP and should be saved to the Startup script using the Save Startup button on the Administration -> Commands page. If you do not know how to calculate your broadcast address, then enter your IP and subnet mask into this [calculator].

WANIF=`get_wanface`
ifconfig $WANIF:1 [PUBLIC_IP1] netmask [NETMASK] broadcast [BROADCAST]
ifconfig $WANIF:2 [PUBLIC_IP2] netmask [NETMASK] broadcast [BROADCAST]
ifconfig $WANIF:3 [PUBLIC_IP3] netmask [NETMASK] broadcast [BROADCAST]

[edit] Firewall

Here are some examples of firewall rules to NAT the external IP's to your internal IP's. Put them in the command box and use the Save Firewall button on the Administration -> Commands page to save them to your firewall script.

[edit] SNAT/DNAT

Route all packets for the new public IP, to a certain local IP.

iptables -t nat -I PREROUTING -d [PUBLIC_IP] -j DNAT --to-destination [LAN_IP]

Route packets on a port on the new public IP, to a different port of a local IP. Note that you can skip [LAN_Port] if it matches [Destination_Port].

iptables -t nat -I PREROUTING -d [PUBLIC_IP] -p tcp --dport [Destination_Port] -j DNAT --to-destination [LAN_IP]:[LAN_Port] 

Masquerade returned packets from the local ip to the public IP

iptables -t nat -I POSTROUTING -s [LAN_IP] -j SNAT --to-source [PUBLIC_IP]

[edit] PORT FORWARD

Forward port X to above local IP

iptables -I FORWARD -d [LAN_IP] -p tcp --dport [Destination_Port] -j ACCEPT

You could also replace above rule(s) with the following:

iptables -I FORWARD -d [LAN_IP] -j ACCEPT 

Which instead of forwarding just a single port, will let through all tcp/udp connections on all ports to this public ip-->lan ip.

In other words, forwarding all connections would be no firewalling for that IP address.

[edit] Copy/Paste Examples

[edit] Startup Script

# Save Startup
WANIF=`get_wanface`
ifconfig $WANIF:1 173.X.X.250 netmask [NETMASK] broadcast [BROADCAST]
ifconfig $WANIF:2 173.X.X.251 netmask [NETMASK] broadcast [BROADCAST]
ifconfig $WANIF:3 173.X.X.252 netmask [NETMASK] broadcast [BROADCAST]

[edit] Firewall Script

# Save Firewall

# WAN .250 -> LAN .15
iptables -t nat -I PREROUTING -d 173.X.X.250 -j DNAT --to 192.168.0.15
iptables -t nat -I POSTROUTING -s 192.168.0.15 -j SNAT --to 173.X.X.250
iptables -I FORWARD -d 192.168.0.15 -p tcp --dport 21 -j ACCEPT
iptables -I FORWARD -d 192.168.0.15 -p tcp --dport 80 -j ACCEPT
iptables -I FORWARD -d 192.168.0.15 -p tcp --dport 5900 -j ACCEPT

# WAN .251 -> LAN .20
iptables -t nat -I PREROUTING -d 173.X.X.251 -j DNAT --to 192.168.0.20
iptables -t nat -I POSTROUTING -s 192.168.0.20 -j SNAT --to 173.X.X.251
iptables -I FORWARD -d 192.168.0.20 -p tcp --dport 21 -j ACCEPT
iptables -I FORWARD -d 192.168.0.20 -p tcp --dport 80 -j ACCEPT
iptables -I FORWARD -d 192.168.0.20 -p tcp --dport 5900 -j ACCEPT

[edit] Resources