From DD-WRT Wiki

Revision as of 19:33, 21 April 2008 by S2s2 (Talk | contribs)
Jump to: navigation, search

The crontab command, found in Unix and Unix-like operating systems, is used to schedule commands to be executed periodically. Dreamhost crontab wiki has a good explanation of how crontab works. A more official explanation can be found here.



In order for crond & crond preference files, crontabs, to function properly, you must have the date and time set correctly on the device running DD-WRT. You can check this in the GUI by going to:

  • Status
    • Router tab
      • Current Time.

You can also check the time in the shell interface by typing 'date'.

You must also enable crontab in DD-WRT before you can use it. You can enable crontab in the GUI by going to:

  • Administration
    • Management
      • Cron

and set it to enable.

File Locations

Cron can be set in two locations on dd-wrt:

1. Either by putting your command in the /tmp/crontab file

echo '  *      *       *       *       *       root /bin/date > /tmp/test.txt' >> /tmp/crontab

which will look like this:

  *      *       *       *       *       root /bin/date > /tmp/test.txt

2. Or by putting a file in the /tmp/cron.d/ folder (eg. /tmp/cron.d/dosomething) that holds your command

echo '* * * * * root /bin/date > /tmp/test.txt' > /tmp/cron.d/date

which will look like this:

* * * * * root /bin/date > /tmp/test.txt

You can add the items you wish to CRONd using the DD-WRT Web Interface Startup Commands or Firewall Commands, to make them exist after the router restarts. To do this, follow the example under "Extras".

It is important that you include "root" before the command, otherwise the command will not run as specified. The examples, in external links above or elsewhere, leave off prefixing commands with "root". External examples outside this Wiki and DD-WRT, are designed for common multi-account Linux systems: crontab files normally run as whichever user created them. Without using "root", your test only works in telnet or ssh (eg Putty) because you already logged in as root.

Restarting Crond

After you modify/add the appropriate command you will need to restart cron in order for your changes to take effect. You can restart crond with the following command: Older versions of DD-WRT:

  • stopservice cron && startservice cron

Newer versions of DD-WRT:

  • stopservice crond && startservice crond


You may wish to add this to your startup script (Administration -> Diagnostics in the web UI), before any jobs are added. It will add clarity to your crontab file:

/bin/sh -c 'echo "# minute (0-59)," >> /tmp/crontab'
/bin/sh -c 'echo "# |      hour (0-23)," >> /tmp/crontab'
/bin/sh -c 'echo "# |      |       day of the month (1-31)," >> /tmp/crontab'
/bin/sh -c 'echo "# |      |       |       month of the year (1-12)," >> /tmp/crontab'
/bin/sh -c 'echo "# |      |       |       |       day of the week (0-6 with 0=Sunday)." >> /tmp/crontab'
/bin/sh -c 'echo "# |      |       |       |       |       commands" >> /tmp/crontab'

Please note: Things that execute in the startup script are invoked without a shell, so stdout and stderr pipes will not be interperted properly if you don't invoke the shell manually (/bin/sh -c).

Note: If your device is using v23sp1, the startup script is broken, so you will want to save all this as the "firewall" script.

If you add this to your startup script, you will see this in your crontab file:

# minute (0-59),
# |      hour (0-23),
# |      |       day of the month (1-31),
# |      |       |       month of the year (1-12),
# |      |       |       |       day of the week (0-6 with 0=Sunday).
# |      |       |       |       |       commands

External Links